"This means that big game hunters will no longer be allowed to obtain a permit to transport a hunting trophy containing elephant tusks or rhinoceros horn into Canada.
Conservationists, who have spent years calling for hunting trophies to be banned in Canada, lauded the move.
'Elephant and rhino populations have been decimated by global trade in their parts, and poaching causes considerable suffering to these incredible animals,' Kelly Butler, campaign manager for Humane Society International (HSI), said in a Monday statement celebrating the announcement.
"In banning trade in elephant ivory and rhino horn, the Canadian government has shown considerable leadership and reflected the will of Canadians and the vast majority of African nations holding elephant populations. At last, Canadians can rest assured that our country is doing our part to ensure these majestic animals have a future."